The unopened, developing flower bloom.
The stem of a rose.
Nutrient-rich material that is created by decomposing organic matter.
The point on a shrub where the stems meet the root system.
Removing flower heads or spent blooms.
The dying of plant tips or stems due to disease or weather.
A plant that is temporarily stopped from growing, typically during winter months.
A method of growing where one plant is created by uniting a root system of one plant with a bud or stem of a different plant.
The ability for a plant to survive freezing temperatures outside.
The fruit of a rose that ripens in late summer or fall.
A rose made by crossing two different species. Typically display large individual flowers on long stems.
Loam is the best type of soil for gardening. It has a balanced mix of humus, sand, and clay.
A rose grown on its own root and not budded onto another rootstock.
pH is a measurement of the acidity or alkalinity of the soil. It is measured on a scale of 1 (extremely acid) to 14 (extremely alkaline), with pH of 7.0 being neutral.
To produce a new plant.
An area assigned by the USDA for an area with similar hardiness conditions, providing an outline of where a plant will live.